Electronic Cigarettes & Vaporizers
What’s in the Aerosol?
Electronic cigarettes, also known as electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS), emit an aerosol (often mistakenly referred to as “vapor”) that is NOT harmless “water vapor” and is NOT as safe as clean air, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). While e-cigarettes generally emit lower levels of dangerous toxins than combined cigarettes, they can contain heavy metals, ultrafine particulate, and cancer-causing agents like acrolein. They also contain propylene glycol or glycerin and flavorings.
Are They Safe?
From the FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration): “As the safety and efficacy of e-cigarettes have not been fully studied, consumers of e-cigarette products currently have no way of knowing: whether e-cigarettes are safe for their intended use, how much nicotine or other potentially harmful chemicals are being inhaled during use, or if there are any benefits associated with using these products. Additionally, it is not known if e-cigarettes may lead young people to try other tobacco products, including conventional cigarettes, which are known to cause disease and lead to premature death.”
Are They Effective Quit Smoking Devices?
According to the CDC, currently the evidence is insufficient to conclude that ENDS are effective for smoking cessation and ENDS are not an FDA-approved quit aid. Learn more about FDA-approved cessation methods with this fact sheet.
National Data on E-Cigarette Use – Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
- In 2011, about 21 percent of adults who smoke traditional cigarettes had used e-cigarettes, up from about 10 percent in 2010.
- Overall, about six percent of all adults have tried e-cigarettes, with estimates nearly doubling from 2010.
- In 2012, 10% of high school students reported that they tried e-cigarettes, an increase of over 5% from 2011.
- E-cigarette use among U.S. middle school students also nearly doubled from 1.4% to 2.7% in 2012.
- Current e-cigarette use (use on at least 1 day in the past 30 days) among U.S. middle and high school students tripled from 2013 to 2014.
- Tobacco-Free Jeffco Fact Sheets
- E-Cigarette Use Among Youth and Young Adults (2016 Surgeon General’s Report)
- Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems Key Facts (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Information on E-Cigarettes (U.S. Food and Drug Administration)
- Statement on E-Cigarettes (American Lung Association)
- E-Cigarettes: A Scientific Review (University of California, San Francisco)
- E-Cigarette Use Triples Among Middle and High School Students in Just One Year (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Increase in E-Cigarette Poisonings Article (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Marijuana and Public Health Information (Jefferson County Public Health)